Texas Progressive Alliance – March 19, 2012
The Texas Progressive Alliance has a spring in its step as it brings you this week’s roundup.
PRESS RELEASE: May 16, 2012 For immediate release Texas Governor Rick Perry calls for reforms to men’s prostrate exams.
The Green Party of Texas fielded 56 candidates for federal, state, and local offices, and because the Texas Democratic Party did not in two statewide races, the Greens are virtually assured of ballot access in 2014. PDiddie at Brains and Eggs has the news.
CouldBeTrue of South Texas Chisme amid all the talk of the Republicans’ war against women wants to know why a judge let a man convicted of sexually assaulting a relative for years got probation?
The more BlueBloggin listens to Rick Santorum and Grover Norquist, the more America is at risk of losing its elder generation, Republican Formula, America’s Elderly Reap The Whirlwind.
Neil at Texas Liberal wrote about a number of posts this week about how the Texas forced sonogram law is state-mandated rape. In one of these posts Neil discussed the three Texas State Senate Democrats who voted for this law, and about just why this law is state-mandated rape. It is up to each of us to work hard to oppose and repeal this cruel law.
Col. Fannin and other Texans underestimated the importance of these Mexicans of Goliad, and the resentment in their hearts due to having to leave their homes. Still Fannin dallied, even after he learned of the fall of the Alamo, and the news that Captain Hugh Fraser brought of the capture and butchery of King’s and Ward’s men, and in spite of the orders he had received from General Houston,–now recognized by all except Fannin as Commander-in-Chief of the Texas Army, to destroy the fort of La Bahia and to retreat to Victoria, a position on the Guadalupe River more capable of defense. Houston’s order to evacuate the fort came to Fannin on March 12. From that date to the 17th no move was made to obey the order. But late that day the scout, John White Bower, came in with the warning that a large force of the enemy was in the vicinity. Only then were preparations began for leaving.
On March 17, Colonel Horton, who had been reconnoitering the country between Goliad and San Antonio, reported to Fannin that Col. Morales’ force to the number of some 1500 were approaching and would unite with Urrea’s army south of the Mission of Refugio. Another Council of War was held, and the unanimous opinion was that an immediate retreat should be made the next day. Other scouts coming in now, reporting large enemy forces were seen near by, so alarmed Fannin that he gave orders that the cannon that they had buried should be dug up and remounted and preparations made to repel an attack. He ordered his troops to destroy the whole town of La Bahia by fire, battering down all ruined walls, so as to secure a full sweep of the enemy should they attack the fort.
On the morning of the 18th a party of the enemy was discovered to be scouting around very near the fort. Col. Horton, with a few horsemen, was sent out to chase them off. At first he succeeded in driving his opponents off, but when he had chased them a short distance he ran into a larger force of the Mexicans who in turn chased him (Horton’s men) back into the fort. These clashes kept up, back and forth, most of the day and were witnessed with high glee and excitement by the men at the fort-perched upon the roofs and parapets. However, this delayed all preparations for the retreat which Fannin was at last convinced must begin. All of the horses which had been used by Horton’s men were worn down and jaded. In the excitement of watching the fighting outside the fort the oxen which had been, with so much trouble and sacrifice, supplied by Linn and Kerr from Victoria were left hitched to the cannon without food and water all day long so were in no condition to haul the cannon and supplies. So the retreat had to be put off until the next day.
Fannin, with characteristic indecision, now ordered the cannon buried before he abandoned Goliad. Then he instructed the men to dig up the guns and open a trench around the fort. As instructed by Houston, he had destroyed everything in and about the fort that he could not take with him. Everything that would burn was fired—what grain and food he could not carry in the carts was piled up in the Chapel of the fort and set on fire. Marks of this fire are still to be seen in the front end of Our Lady of Loreto Chapel. Walls of the fortification were torn down and all houses outside the walls were burned or otherwise destroyed.
Nine cannon and several cart-loads of ammunition, baggage, and supplies were taken along as they left the fort, but by some oversight food was forgotten. The morning of March 19, opened with a heavy fog, which helped mask the retreat. It was 9 or 10 o’clock before breakfast for all the men could be finished. Then much time was lost loading the carts with the cannons, artillery, soldiers’ baggage, and hitching up the oxen, and spiking those guns that they left. But alas!—they forgot to load food. Finally they were off, taking the road to Victoria. Immediately they had to cross the river, but at the old ford the banks were to high that much difficulty was experienced in getting the heavily loaded carts across, some of the carts having to be unloaded, then reloaded, so more time was lost. Setting out on the march across the prairies it was found that the teams were weak and easily tired and so frequent rests were necessary. With the exception of Horton’s Company all the men were afoot.
After crossing the Manahuilla Creek, a few miles farther on, a halt was made to allow the animals to graze where the grass was greened up after the prairie had been burned off. The scouts reported the enemy army was only four or five miles off, but did not seem to be pursuing the Texans. Captain Horton’s Company of about 30 horsemen was directed to scout around and give notice of any appearance of the enemy, so the Commanders felt secure. Going on about two miles the teams showing signs of breaking down, it was thought advisable to call another halt. Here on a low ridge with no natural protection, but in sight of the Coleto Creek timber line, the halt was made. But just then it was discovered that the enemy were emerging from the timber. Quickly the six-pounder cannon was unlimbered and three shots fired at them, but it was seen that the shots fell short of the target. It seems that Horton had left four of his men in the rear of the Texans’ line of retreat to keep a lookout for the Mexican Army and to warn Fannin. Instead the four dismounted to rest, and fell asleep. The enemy was upon them before they knew it. Hastily mounting their horses they wildly fled in the greatest terror, and passing about a hundred yards on the right of the Texas army, without even stopping to look at their comrades on foot, thirty fled on accompanied by the curses of the men they were supposed to warn.
Col. Fannin, on seeing the Mexican Army coming from the woods, still ordered his men to resume the march. Before anything could be done with the ammunition the Mexican Army closed around the Texans and opened fire upon them. Now the fight began in earnest. Soon it was seen that the enemy were being reinforced by other troops, until there must have been over one thousand fighting against Fannin’s three hundred. The Battle of Coleto Creek ended with the capture and subsequent massacre of Fannin’s command. Remember Goliad became the companion battle cry to Remember the Alamo.